Changes in the functional diversity of ground-dwelling ants during land use change
       Home | About Journal | Editorial Board | Subscription | Instruction | Advertisement | Contact Us | Chinese
ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA  2017, Vol. 60 Issue (10): 1226-1234    DOI: 10.16380/j.kcxb.2017.10.013
RESEARCH PAPERS Current Issue | Next Issue | Archive | Adv Search Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
Changes in the functional diversity of ground-dwelling ants during land use change
LU Zhi-Xing, CHEN You-Qing*
(Research Institute of Resources Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China)
 Download: PDF (2241 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      Supporting Info
Abstract 【Aim】 To reveal the protection roles of artificial plantations for ecosystem function. 【Methods】 The ground-dwelling ants were investigated in plots of seven habitats, i.e., secondary natural forest, eucalyptus plantation, rubber plantation, lac insect plantation, lac insectcorn agroforest, corn dryland and farmland, by pitfall traps in Lüchun County, Yunnan Province. Head length, head width, Weber’s length and femur length of hind leg of 82 ant species were measured. Differences in functional richness, functional evenness and functional divergence were compared among different habitats. 【Results】 There were significant differences of ant functional richness FRic among different habitats (rainy season: F=4.475, P=0.002; dry season: F=7.717, P<0.001). Secondary natural forest, eucalyptus plantation and rubber plantation during the rainy season and lac insect plantation and lac insect-corn agroforest during the dry season had higher levels of ant functional richness, and farmland had the lowest ant functional richness. There were no significant differences in ant functional evenness FEve among different habitats (rainy season: F=2.106, P=0.078; dry season: F=2.093, P=0.079). There were significant differences in ant functional divergence FDiv among different habitats (rainy season: F=2.577, P=0.036; dry season: F=3.969, P=0.004). Rubber plantation had the highest ant functional divergence during both rainy and dry seasons, while secondary natural forest and farmland had the lower ant functional divergence. Functional richness of ground-dwelling ants were significantly correlated with ant species richness (rainy season: Pearson=0.461, P=0.002; dry season: Pearson=0.854, P<0.001; liner model: rainy season: F=10.533, P=0.002; dry season: F=107.387, P<0.001). Functional evenness and functional divergence of ground-dwelling ants were not significantly correlated with ant species richness. In rainy season, ant functional richness increased with increasing of leaf-litter thickness. In dry season, ant functional richness decreased with increasing of bare ground coverage, and first decreased then increased with increasing of leaf-litter thickness, and first increased then decreased with increasing of plant coverage. 【Conclusion】 Reduction of habitat heterogeneity caused by land use change and alternation of rainy and dry seasons can lead to the decrease of ant functional richness but has no significant effect on ant functional evenness and functional divergence. More ant living space will be provided by reducing disturbance to artificial plantation and increasing habitat heterogeneity artificially. This will reduce the competition between different ants, and be helpful to ecosystem function diversity and protection.
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
LU Zhi-Xing
CHEN You-Qing
Key wordsAnts   ant community   functional diversity   artificial plantation   land use change   ecosystem function   season     
Cite this article:   
LU Zhi-Xing,CHEN You-Qing. Changes in the functional diversity of ground-dwelling ants during land use change[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(10): 1226-1234.
URL:      or
No references of article
[1] LU Jun-Jiao, DONG Jin-Ming, REN Mei-Feng, LI Xia-2 Wu-Yu-Peng, LI Da-Qi, MA 恩Bo. Migration patterns of subterranean pest insects in the soil of winter wheat-summer corn rotation fields in Linfen, Shanxi  [J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(9): 1046-1059.
[2] PAN Hui, Chen Xiu-Zhi, Wu Jie, Zhang Jing. Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasion on the structural characteristics and seasonal dynamics of insect functional groups in Jiuduansha wetland of the Yangtze River Estuary, East China[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(1): 67-83.
[3] XU Yang, NAN Xiao-Ning , WEI Cong, HE Hong. Seasonal characteristics of gut bacterial communities associated with carpenter ant Camponotus japonicus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)(In English[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2016, 59(6): 632-640.
[4] . Synthesis of acetal derivatives of citronellal and their repellent activities against the pharaoh ant, Monomorium pharaonis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2014, 57(8): 921-926.
[5] ZHANG Nian-Nian, CHEN You-Qing, LU Zhi-Xing, ZHANG Wei, LI Ke-Li. Species diversity, community structure difference and indicator species of leaf-litter ants in rubber plantations and secondary natural forests in Yunnan, southwestern China[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2013, 56(11): 1314-1323.
[6] Monika Chhetry, Janak Singh Tara, Ruchie Gupta. Infestation dynamics of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera:Phyllocnistidae) on Mosambi (Citrus sinensis) and its relation with important weather factors in Jammu, India[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2011, 54(3): 327-332.
[7] CHEN Hao-Tao, LUO Li-Zhi, XIONG Hong-Li. The outing activity of worker ants and nuptial flight of alates in the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Guangzhou area, Southern China[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2010, 53(4): 449-456.
[8] . Determination of the supercooling points of various castes and developmental stages of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in mainland China[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2009, 52(5): 502-508.
[9] Anopheles gambiae complex; morphometric analysis; sibling species; seasonal population; Abeokuta; Nigeria. Morphometric studies on Anopheles gambiae complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2008, 51(12): 1289-1292.
[10] WU Gang, Tadashi MIYATA. Seasonal dynamics of resistance to six insecticides in the fieldpopulations of parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae (M'Intosh)(Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2005, 48(4): 531-536.
[11] CHEN Lu-Shi. The species and distribution of the necrophagous flies in Guizhou Province[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2004, 47(6): 849-952.
[12] GU Pin-Qiang1,MIN Ji-Guang2, GU Zheng-Quan2, HUANG Pin-Xian2, SONG Hua-Ling2. The relationship between the first appearance in spring and seasonal distribution of Culex tritaeniorhynchus and the meteorological conditions in Shanghai[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2003, 46(3): 325-332.
[13] YU Xiao-Dong, LUO Tian-Hong, ZHOU Hong-Zhang. Composition and seasonal dynamics of litterlayer beetle community in the Dongling Mountain region, North China[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2002, 45(6): 785-793.
[14] Liang Hong-bin,Zhang Run-zhi, Fang De-li,Zhang Li, Wen Yong-lin. ALTERNATE HOSTS OF RUSSIAN WHEAT APHID AND ITS SEASONAL TRANSFER[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 1999, 42(-1): 72-77.
Supported by:Beijing Magtech