Morphology and ultrastructure of female and male adults of <em>Culicoides arakawai</em> (Arakawa) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
昆虫学报
       Home | About Journal | Editorial Board | Subscription | Instruction | Advertisement | Contact Us | Chinese
ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA  2018, Vol. 61 Issue (4): 498-504    DOI: 10.16380/j.kcxb.2018.04.012
RESEARCH PAPERS Current Issue | Next Issue | Archive | Adv Search Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
Morphology and ultrastructure of female and male adults of Culicoides arakawai (Arakawa) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
JIANG Xiao-Hong, CHANG Qiong-Qiong, HOU Xiao-Hui*
(Department of Cell Biology, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou 563000, China) 
 Download: PDF (3845 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      Supporting Info
Abstract 【Aim】 This study aims to get more ultrastructure details of female and male adults of Culicoides arakawai (Arakawa) for accurate identification of biting midges. 【Methods】 The ultrastructure of female and male adults of C. arakawai was observed by scanning electronic microscope. 【Results】 A total of 31 electron micrographs of female and male adults of C. arakawai, including the features of compound eyes, antennae, mouthparts, wings, scutellum and postscutellum, legs and genitalia were obtained successfully. More accurate data of some features were obtained. For example, the length ratios of various segments of antennal flagella and palpi of female adults are 4.80:3.22∶3.56:3.54:3.44:3.56:3.56:3.86:7.32:6.96:7.02:7.40:9.78 and 2.90:7.47:8.07:2.58:3.92, respectively; the sizes of wings of female and male adults are 1.34-1.36 mm×0.56-0.66 mm and 1.22-1.32 mm×0.40-0.48 mm, respectively, and the size of spermatheca is 71.87 μm×48.07 μm. The poorly known features were observed, including female with 19 teeth of maxil arranged in 2 lines, male with 12-13 slender teeth of maxil, female trapeziform scutellum with 4 thick bristles and 6-8 thin bristles, female spur with hairs arranged fan-shaped on the surface, the terminal branch of claw, empodium of female with 4 pairs of hairy branches, spermatheca with punctations on surface, the width ratio of datum hole to spermatheca about 1/9, and hypopygium of male with microtrichia and macrochaeta and special structure in the inner surface. The ungual digitule was newly discovered. The sexual dimorphism was notable in antennal characteristics, type of sensilla, pattern, teeth, number and shape of mandible, and shape of tongue and wing between female and male adults. 【Conclusion】 The results provide useful information for the accurate identification of C. arakawai and for studying the taxonomy and phylogeny of Ceratopogouidae, and have significant economic and medical value.
Service
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
JIANG Xiao-Hong
CHANG Qiong-Qiong
HOU Xiao-Hui
Key wordsCulicoides arakawai   blood-sucking midges   Culicoides   adult   morphology   ultrastructure   scanning electronic microscope     
Cite this article:   
JIANG Xiao-Hong,CHANG Qiong-Qiong,HOU Xiao-Hui. Morphology and ultrastructure of female and male adults of Culicoides arakawai (Arakawa) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2018, 61(4): 498-504.
URL:  
http://www.insect.org.cn/EN/10.16380/j.kcxb.2018.04.012      or     http://www.insect.org.cn/EN/Y2018/V61/I4/498
 
No references of article
[1] JIANG Zhen, Qin-Dao-Zheng. Sperm ultrastructure of Euricania clara Kato (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Ricaniidae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2018, 61(2): 246-254.
[2] HE Chun-Ling, ZHU Chao-Dong, WU Yan-Ru. Morphology and nesting behavior of Xylocopa rufipes (Hymenoptera: Apidae)  [J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(9): 1074-1082.
[3] CHEN Qing-Hua, Zeng-Juan, Zeng-Wei, Li-Qing, Chen-Xiao-Juan, Zou-Yu. Application of the morphological indicators of the male internal reproductive system in forecasting the population dynamics of the rice leaf roller, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by sex pheromone trapping[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(8): 927-935.
[4] XIE Jiao-Xin, WU Lan-Jun, SUN Xue-Jun, YAN Xi-Zhong, HAO Chi. Structural observation and analysis of the proboscis formed by the linkage of the galeae in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(7): 835-841.
[5] LI Liang-De, WANG Ding-Feng, LIU Feng-Jing, ZHANG Hui, LI Hui-Ling, WU Guang-Yuan. Localization in organelles and function analysis of aquaporin 1 (AQP1) protein in Ectropis obliqua (Lepidoptera: Geometridae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(7): 750-759.
[6] YANG Ye-Qing, WANG Shan-Ning, PENG Yong, DAN Shuang, ZHENG Yao, LI Rui-Jun, ZHANG Yong-Jun, GUO Yu-Yuan. Expression of the odor binding protein MmedOBP19 in the legs of Microplitis mediator (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and its ligand binding characteristics[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(6): 613-620.
[7] YAN Lin, GUO Rui, LI Ya-Juan, LI Lin-Lin, WEI Qiong-Ru, HAN Yun-Bang, LIU Meng-Yao, MA Xiu-Lian. Morphology and bionomics of Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Chinese wolfberry (Lycium barbarum)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(6): 666-680.
[8] WANG Ji-Rui, Xu Zhi-Hong, Du Yu-Zhou. Identity and redescription of two easily confused important whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(3): 357-362.
[9] CHEN Shi-Liang, Xiao Sheng-Yan, Pan Qiu-Ling, Li Yong-Mou, Yang Rong-Gui, Gao Jian-Hua, Gao-Xiang, Xu-Jin-Shan. Infectivity and transmissibility of Nosema sp.CP isolated from Catopsilia pyranthe (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in the domestic silkworm (Bombyx mori)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(2): 155-162.
[10] WANG He, Wang-Hui, Wang Wei-Jie, Li-Jia, Zhao Wen-Ai, Qi Li-Li. Pupal morphogenesis of Lucilia cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) under natural conditions and its significance in forensic medicine[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(2): 222-228.
[11] WANG Xu, Xie Ying-Ping, Zhang Yan-Feng, Liu Wei-Min, Wang Quan-Liang. Ultrastructures of antennal sensilla of adult females of Porphyrophora sophorae (Coccoidea: Margarodidae)(In English[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(1): 24-33.
[12] FENG Bo, Yin Yong, Feng Chuan-Hong, Peng Xiao-Ming, Jiang Hai-Ping, GuoRong, Du Yong-Jun. Morphological characteristics of Cnaphalocrocis exigua in comparison with C. medinalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2017, 60(1): 95-103.
[13] JIANG Lu, HUA Bao-Zhen. Morphology of the immature stages of Panorpa macrostyla  Hua (Mecoptera: Panorpidae) with notes on its biology[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2016, 59(9): 1004-1012.
[14] YU Qin, WANG Fang, ZHANG Run-Xiang, GUO Gui-Ming, FAN Ren-Jun, HAO Chi. Effects of pupal weight on the fecundity and longevity of adults and the larval development of the next generation in Grapholitha molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2016, 59(9): 985-990.
[15] TONG Yi-Jie, YANG Hai-Dong, MA De-Ying, Bai Ming . Geometric morphometrics evaluation and adaptive evolution study of scarabaeine metendosternites[J]. ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA, 2016, 59(8): 871-879.
Copyright © 2011 ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA SINICA
Supported by:Beijing Magtech