Abstract Drywood termite Cryptotermes domesticus (Haviland) is a serious pest causing wood damage. It is one of the most important termite species in China. This paper summarizes the progress in biological and ecological studies on the formation, survival, reproduction and dispersal of neotenics, the swarming of mature colonies, life cycle and behavioral feature of primary reproductives, and the formation, development and feeding behavior of the new colony of C. domesticus. The control strategy against C. domesticus is also discussed. The study may provide theoretical basis for controlling the spread, diffusion and damage of C. domesticus.