›› 2017, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (11): 1349-1360.doi: 10.16380/j.kcxb.2017.11.013

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张秀歌, 张小娇, 肖春*, 董文霞*   

  1. (云南农业大学植物保护学院, 云南生物资源保护与利用国家重点实验室, 昆明 650201)
  • 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20

Sexual communication and behaviours in Bactrocera fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)

ZHANG Xiu-Ge, ZHANG Xiao-Jiao, XIAO Chun*, DONG Wen-Xia*   

  1. (College of Plant Protection, Yunnan Agricultural University, State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Biological Resources in Yunnan, Kunming 650201, China)
  • Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20

摘要:  离腹寡毛实蝇属Bactrocera spp.实蝇对全世界的水果和蔬菜产生巨大的威胁,造成严重的经济损失。传统的杀虫剂化学防治、不育技术(sterile insect technique, SIT)、雄虫灭绝技术(male annihilation technique, MAT)一直是防控大多数实蝇的主要措施,但具有一定的局限性。因此,急需新的环保型防控方法来防治实蝇。为建立基于昆虫行为的防治策略,本文对离腹寡毛实蝇Bactrocera spp.两性的生殖通讯及相关的行为进行了概述。总结了实蝇的交配系统以及雄虫在求偶之前在求偶炫耀场所的一系列行为,阐述了雌虫交配后产卵标记行为和竞争单个产卵位置的行为以及未来的研究方向,将为实蝇害虫综合治理提供新的思路及参考。

关键词: 离腹寡毛实蝇属, 交配系统, 求偶交配行为, 攻击性行为, 交配后雌虫行为

Abstract: Bactrocera fruit flies are an enormous threat to fruit and vegetable production throughout the world, causing great economic loss. Although chemical control based on conventional insecticides and biotechnical tools including sterile insect technique (SIT) and male annihilation technique (MAT) have been the main weapons used in most control programs, they still have many restrictions, and ecofriendly control tools against Bactrocera spp. are urgently needed. Thus, current knowledge about sexual communication and related behaviours in Bactrocera spp. was reviewed in this article to help build behaviour-based control strategies. Two different polygynous mating systems in Tephritidae and behavioural sequences of males before courtship in lekking sites were summarized, and some mated female behaviours in oviposition sites, including oviposition marking behaviour and fighting behaviour for single oviposition sites, were elaborated. Future perspectives were also outlined. The knowledge about sexual communication is expected to provide new insights and references for integrated pest management programs for tephritid pests.

Key words: Bactrocera, mating systems, leks, aggressive behaviour, mated female behaviours