›› 2018, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (6): 721-732.doi: 10.16380/j.kcxb.2018.06.011

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇


李文景, 董易之, 姚琼, 陈炳旭*   

  1. (广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所, 广东省植物保护新技术重点实验室, 广州 510640)
  • 出版日期:2018-06-20 发布日期:2018-06-20

Research progress in the litchi fruit borer, Conopomorpha sinensis (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)

LI Wen-Jing, DONG Yi-Zhi, YAO Qiong, CHEN Bing-Xu*     

  1. (Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of High Technology for Plant Protection, Plant Protection Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China)
  • Online:2018-06-20 Published:2018-06-20

摘要: 荔枝蒂蛀虫Conopomorpha sinensis是中国岭南地区、东南亚、印度和尼泊尔一带广泛分布的重要果树害虫。该虫以幼虫钻蛀取食荔枝和龙眼的果实、嫩梢、花穗,隐蔽性强,防治困难,加上防治措施不当,化学农药的滥用,使得该虫迅速成为这两种优质名果的最主要害虫。本文整理近30年荔枝蒂蛀虫的研究报道,从分类学,生物学特性,触角感器及嗅觉机制,人工饲养技术,以及预测预报和防治方法等方面详细介绍了荔枝蒂蛀虫的研究进展,提出在荔枝蒂蛀虫的研究中存在的一些争议问题,并对今后的研究方向进行了展望。

关键词: 荔枝蒂蛀虫, 荔枝, 龙眼, 分类, 生物学特性, 防治技术

Abstract:  The litchi fruit borer, Conopomorpha sinensis, is an important pest of fruit trees widely distributed in the Lingnan area of China, Southeast Asia, India and Nepal. It feeds on fruits, shoots and flowers of the host plants litchi and longan as a borer pest, and has become a major and destructive insect pest to litchi and longan industry due to its boring habit, difficulty for its control, inappropriate control measures and abuse of chemical pesticides. In this article we reviewed the research progress in C. sinensis in recent 30 years, mainly focusing on the taxonomy, biological characteristics, antennal sensilla and olfactory mechanisms, artificial rearing techniques, and forecast and control methods. In addition, the controversial problems in the research of C. sinensis were proposed, and the prospects for the future studies were also provided.

Key words: Conopomorpha sinensis, litchi, longan, taxonomy, biological characteristics, control techniques