›› 2009, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (2): 210-215.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


郑火青, 胡福良   

  • 出版日期:2009-03-18 发布日期:2009-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 胡福良

Honeybee: a newly emerged model organism

  • Online:2009-03-18 Published:2009-02-20

摘要: 蜜蜂作为具有重要经济价值和生态价值的社会性昆虫, 在诸如神经生物学和社会生物学等研究领域也具有很高的模型价值。蜜蜂基因组工程为深入认识蜜蜂的生物学特点,进一步发挥其在多个研究领域的模型价值奠定了分子基础。本文基于蜜蜂的生物学特点,介绍了蜜蜂作为模式生物所具备的优势,及其在学习和记忆、劳动分工、级型分化、免疫等热点领域的研究价值。通过总结和展望国内外蜜蜂生物学研究形势,呼吁国内相关各学科开展合作研究。

关键词: 蜜蜂, 经济昆虫, 模式生物, 社会性行为, 学科交叉

Abstract: The honeybee is a group of eusocial insects with high economical and ecological value. The Honeybee Genome Project has provided a molecular basis for further researches on honeybee biological characteristics, molecular mechanism and evolution of social behavior, and thereby equipped the honeybee to be a model organism from an economic insect. We introduced the advantages of the honeybee as a model organism and its model value in some hot research fields based on its biological characteristics, such as learning and memory, labor division, caste differentiation, and immunity, etc. After summarizing the current status and prospecting the future development of biological research on honeybee at home and abroad, we appealed for interdisciplinary research on honeybees at home.

Key words: Honeybee, economic insect, model organism, social behavior, interdisciplinary research