›› 2015, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (4): 467-470.

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虞国跃1,*, 王合2 , 王长月3, 冯术快4, 李忠良3   

  1. (1. 北京市农林科学院植物保护环境保护研究所, 北京 100097; 2. 北京市林业保护站, 北京 100029;  3. 北京市延庆县林业保护站, 北京102100; 4. 北京市昌平区园林绿化局, 北京 102200)
  • 出版日期:2015-04-20 发布日期:2015-04-20
  • 作者简介:虞国跃, 男, 1963年生, 浙江慈溪人, 博士, 从事瓢虫科分类及利用、果树园林害虫的综合防治, E-mail: yuguoyue@aliyun.com

First discovery of an alien insect pest, Prociphilus fraxinifolii  (Hemiptera: Aphididae, Pemphiginae) in China

YU Guo-Yue1,*, WANG He2, WANG Chang-Yue3, FENG Shu-Kuai4, LI Zhong-Liang3    

  1. (1. Institute of Plant and Environment Protection, Beijing Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China; 2. Forest Pest Management and Quarantine Station of Beijing, Beijing 100029, China; 3. Yanqing Forest Pest Management and Quarantine Station, Beijing 102100, China; 4. Changping Bureau of Landscape and Forestry, Beijing 102200, China)
  • Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-20

摘要: 在北京的洋白蜡Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh.上发现了一种卷叶绵蚜,小枝端部卷叶里的蚜群在植物生长季节均有发生, 绵蚜的寄生造成卷叶,部分卷叶会枯黄,影响美观。这是一种我国新记录的外来种,为原产于北美的洋白蜡卷叶绵蚜 Prociphilus fraxinifolii  (Riley, 1879)。本文描述了该种绵蚜的鉴别特征,记录了其5种捕食性天敌(异色瓢虫 Harmonia axyridis, 大草蛉 Chrysopa pallens, 黑带食蚜蝇 Episyrphus balteata , 食虫齿爪盲蝽 Deraeocoris punctulatus 和斑楔齿爪盲蝽Deraeocoris ater)和3种访问的蚂蚁(日本弓背蚁Camponotus japonicus, 丝光褐林蚁Formica fusca 和黑褐草蚁Lasius niger)。

关键词: 洋白蜡卷叶绵蚜, 洋白蜡, 外来种, 形态学, 捕食性天敌

Abstract: The green ash, Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh., is infested with a leafcurl ash aphid in Beijing, China. Colonies of compact aphids live in curled leaves on the tips of twigs throughout the vegetation period. It causes malformations and some curled leaves turn to yellow. It was identified as an alien species, the Nearctic species Prociphilus fraxinifolii  (Riley, 1879). This is the first record of the species in China. The present paper described its diagnostic characteristics and recorded five predatory natural enemies (Harmonia axyridis, Chrysopa pallens, Episyrphus balteata, Deraeocoris punctulatus and Deraeocoris ater) and three attending ants (Camponotus japonicus, Formica fusca, and Lasius niger) of this aphid found in Beijing.

Key words: Prociphilus fraxinifolii, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, alien insect species, morphology, predatory natural enemies