›› 2018, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (5): 620-626.doi: 10.16380/j.kcxb.2018.05.012

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇


王欢, 徐希莲*   

  1. (北京市农林科学院植物保护环境保护研究所, 北京 100097)
  • 出版日期:2018-05-20 发布日期:2018-05-20

Research progress in bumblebee nutrition and feed

WANG Huan, XU Xi-Lian*   

  1.  (Institute of Plant and Environment Protection, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China)
  • Online:2018-05-20 Published:2018-05-20

摘要: 熊蜂是重要的商业传粉昆虫之一,人工驯养和应用熊蜂传粉是弥补自然传粉蜂锐减,满足现代农业授粉需求的重要举措。营养和饲料是实现熊蜂驯养和工厂化生产的关键问题之一。本文综述了单一和混合花粉饲料,不同蛋白质和脂肪比例的饲料,不同氨基酸水平的饲料,以及碳水化合物饲料中添加营养元素或者蜂王浆等对熊蜂发育的影响。其中,混合花粉相比单一花粉对幼虫体重发育有促进作用;欧洲地熊蜂Bombus terrestris成年蜂摄取的蛋白质和脂肪的最佳比例为14∶1;高浓度的氨基酸饲料对蜂王产卵和幼虫成熟有促进作用;碳水化合物中添加营养元素能够促进蜂王产卵,蜂群成群;饲料中添加蜂王浆能够提高蜂王存活率和产卵率。建议未来以本土熊蜂的生产群体为研究对象,针对熊蜂阶段性营养需求及可能影响熊蜂发育的肠道共生菌等因素开展研究。

关键词: 熊蜂, 营养, 饲料, 碳水化合物, 蛋白质, 脂肪, 发育

Abstract:   Bumblebees are one group of the most important commercial pollinators. Domestication and utilization of bumblebee would make up for the decline of natural bee-pollinators and meet the demands of modern agriculture pollination. Nutrition and feed is one of the key issues to realize the domestication and industrial production of bumblebees. In this article, we reviewed how natural pollen, artificial diet with single or mixed pollen gathered by honeybee, feed with different ratios of protein and fat, feed with different amino acid levels, and feed with nutrient elements or royal jelly added affect the bumblebee development. The mixed pollen has promoting functions on larval weight as compared to the single pollen. The optimal ratio of protein to fat ingested by Bombus terrestris is 14∶1. High amino acid level can promote the oviposition of queens and maturity of larvae. Carbohydrates with nutrient elements added can promote the oviposition of queens and foundation of colonies. The royal jelly added in feed can enhance the survival and spawning rate of queens. We proposed that the future research should focus on the feed meeting the nutrient needs of different developmental stages of the local bumblebees and the intestinal symbiotic bacteria which may affect the metabolism and development of bumblebees.

Key words: Bumblebee, nutrition, feed, carbohydrates, protein, fat, development