›› 2009, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (6): 699-706.

• RESEARCH PAPERS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Baits and traps of fruit flies


  • Online:2009-06-20 Published:2009-06-20

Abstract: Many species in family Tephritidae are important quarantine pests worldwide. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) have actively proposed to implement the control of fruit flies by international cooperation and published control technique guidelines for the pest and related international standards of plant quarantine. As one of the major measures in monitoring, investigating and controlling the fruit flies, baits and traps are extensively adopted. Main baits commonly approved are protein attractants (PA), methyl eugenol (ME), cuelure (CUE), ammonium acetate (AA), ammonium salts (AS), trimedlure (TML), butyl hexanoate (BuH) and 2-methyl-vinyl-pyrazine (MVP). There are over twenty types of traps used worldwide for fruit flies, which are divided into three types: dry traps, wet traps and dry/wet traps based on ways of capturing the flies. Moreover, many traps are manufactured by various plastic bottles in China. This article summarized the research and application of baits and traps, and proposed that the international standard baits and traps should be used in the establishment of pest free areas (PRA) for fruit flies. Many Chinese bait and trap products require international approbation, which may help to promote our agro-production to enter the international markets. Design of baits and traps should be standardized and protected by patents to be suitable to international adoption.

Key words: Diptera, Tephritidae, bait, trap, quarantine