Litchi stink bug, Tessaratoma papillosa (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), is one of the most widespread and destructive pest species on litchi (Litchi chinensis) and longan (Euphoria longan) in South China and Southeast Asia. T. papillosa feeds on the buds, tender branchlets, flowers, and fruits of host plants. Furthermore, the nymph over the 3rd instar and adult of T. papillosa are the vectors of witches’ broom pathogen on longan tree. In this article, we provide a detailed review on T. papillosa based on the research over the past 60 years in China, in order to provide references for the further study and development of green control technology of this pest species. T. papillosa is a hemimetabola insect which occurs one generation a year. Its nymphal duration and adult longevity are about 80 d and 203-371 d, respectively. Moreover, averagely one female adult of T. papillosa can deposit 190 eggs in its lifetime. Regarding the life habits, T. papillosa has the aggregation behavior, possesses phototaxis and chromatics tropism, and prefers tender branchlets. By the classification and distribution observation of antennal sensilla, RNA-seq analysis of antennae, dissection and observation of scent gland and comparative analysis of secretary components from scent gland, the two organs of antennae and scent gland of T. papillosa have been more deeply studied and understood. To date, the occurrence of T. papillosa is mainly forecasted through its ovarian development of female adults. Together with the pest forecasting technology, management of T. papillosa mainly depends on chemical control, supplemented by cultural, physical and biological control measures so far. The biological control technology has been reported the most, with aspects of the protection and utilization of natural enemies and the utilization of botanic pesticide. Owing to the seasonal restriction of experimental insect source and geographical limitation of infestation, the research progress of T. papillosa is relatively slow, the in-depth studies are limited and the research fields are relatively narrow. In future study, we can explore the selection mechanism of host plants, the interaction among host plants, natural enemies and symbiotic bacteria, and pesticide resistance from the perspectives of omics, molecular biology, cell biology and other aspects, to provide new clues for green pest control technology of T. papillosa.